+ Romans 2.1-5 Jews are just as much provoking wrath as Gentiles are, so Jews have no reason to believe they are better. JEWS ARE IN NO POSITION TO JUDGE THE NATIONS
= Romans 2.6-11 God judges both Jews and Gentiles impartially so Jews don’t get special favors.
= Romans 2.12-16 Jesus will judge both Jews and Gentiles, vindicating those who trust in him and condemning those who reject his Word.
+ Romans 2.17-24 Jews are just as much provoking wrath as Gentiles are, so Jews have no reason to believe they are better. JEWS ARE IN NO POSITION TO TEACH THE NATIONS
= Romans 2.25-29 God judges both Jews and Gentiles impartially so Jews don’t get special favors.
So is Paul just restating themes?
1. First claim: Romans 2.1-5: Israel is not in a position to judge the Gentiles but is going to be judged.
[Question A: But isn't God going to be partial to Israel?]
2. Second claim : Romans 2.6-11: God judges both Jews and Gentiles impartially.
[Question B: But doesn't the Law give Israel an advantage?]
3. Third claim: Romans 2.12-16: The Law may alter the terms by which one is judged, but Gentiles can trust and obey or disbelieve and disobey just like Jews can. So fundamental ly, though Jews were entrusted with the Law, the Gentiles can still obey God. Better an obedient Gentile than a disobedient Jew.
[ Question C: But, remembering your first claim, are you sure that Israel has been so disobedient?]
4. Fourth claim (reiterating first claim): Romans 2.17-24: Israel’s failure is public and obvious. Just as the exile was a smear on God’s reputation, so Israel’s sin is at the heart of Gentile theological perversion mentioned earlier (Romans 1.18ff).
[Question B2: But doesn't circumcision make a difference (as asked about the law in Question B above)?]
5. Fifth claim: Romans 2.25-29: Circumcision demands a certain kind of obedience, but is useless for demarcating blessing from God if the circumcised person is disobedient. Obedient Gentiles, on the other hand, show they belong to the true God.